Cairo University

MTPR Journal

 

PASSIVE SAFETY FEATURES IN ADVANCED NUCLEAR POWER PLANT DESIGN

& doi: https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814504898_0038
M. TAHIR, I. R. CHUGHTAI and M. ASLAM
Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan

Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan

Informatics Complex, H-8, Islamabad, Pakistan


Vol./Issue: 13 , id: 380

For implementation of advance passive safety features in future nuclear power plant design, a passive safety system has been proposed and its response has been observed for Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) in the cold leg of a reactor coolant system. In a transient simulation the performance of proposed system is validated against existing safety injection system for a reference power plant of 325 MWe. The existing safety injection system is a huge system and consists of many active components including pumps, valves, piping and Instrumentation and Control (I&C). A good running of the active components of this system is necessary for its functionality as high head safety injection system under design basis accidents. Using reactor simulation technique, the proposed passive safety injection system and existing safety injection system are simulated and tested for their performance under large break LOCA for the same boundary conditions. Critical thermal hydraulic parameters of both the systems are presented graphically and discussed. The results obtained are approximately the same in both the cases. However, the proposed passive safety injection system is a better choice for such type of reactors due to reduction in components with improved safety.