Cairo University

MTPR Journal

 

SOLAR ACTIVITIES AND SPACE WEATHER HAZARDS

& doi: https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814504898_0004
AHMED A. HADY
Department of Astronomy & Space and Meteorology Faculty of Sciences, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt


Vol./Issue: 13 , id: 345

Geomagnetic storms have a good correlation with solar activity and solar radiation variability. Many proton events and geomagnetic storms have occurred during solar cycles21, 22, and 23. The solar activities during the last three cycles, gave us a good indication of the climatic change and its behavior during the 21st century. High energetic eruptive flares were recorded during the decline phase of the last three solar cycles. The appearances of the second peak on the decline phase of solar cycles have been detected. Halloween storms during Nov. 2003 and its effects on the geomagnetic storms have been studied analytically. The data of amplitude and phase of most common indicators of geomagnetic activities during solar cycle 23 have been analyzed.