Cairo University

MTPR Journal

 

VACUUM TECHNOLOGY AND STANDARDIZATION-AN UPDATE

& doi: https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814317511_0018
H. M. AKRAM and H. RASHID
National Institute of Vacuum Science and Technology (NINVAST), P.O. Box No.3125, QAU, Islamabad, Pakistan
Centre for High Energy Physics (CHEP), University of the Punjab, Lahore-54590, Pakistan

Vol./Issue: 11 , id: 321

Vacuum technology has been vital for the progress in almost every field of modern industrial & scientific research and technological developments. Research in this field is therefore important for the rapid progress in other sophisticated technologies. The modern society require precise know-how of vacuum metrology for its complex and sophisticated manufacturing processes and research activities. Accuracy in vacuum measurements is therefore an essential need for every application. The required accuracy is achieved with the help of well-calibrated vacuum gauges and this is possible only, if there exist proper vacuum standards of required range and accuracy. In this paper, a brief review of recently developed different vacuum standards, namely Standard Mercury Manometer, Standard Volume Expansion System and Standard Orifice Flow System will be presented, employed for the calibration of low, medium and high vacuum gauges respectively. Our recently developed standards are simple in design, least in vibration & degassing rate with desired accuracy, ease of operation and cost effective.