n + neutrino The result of this process is a neutron, which in turn will create a neutron pressure that prevents the star from compressing more and a neutron star is born with strong magnetic field. But in the case of very massive stars, I think that gravity will overcome the pressure of neutrons and press the neutrons making it interact with each other, which will produce a huge energy and another particle.This particle is the generator of the magnetic field in the universe, so it is like monopole, that acts like higgs boson - which makes matter having its mass- as it makes matter having its magnetic property,But when pressed more by the attraction with another particle like it, produces a particle that produces the magnetic field of the universe. So, a particle is responsible for the magnetic field in the universe that may be resulted from fusion of neutrons or other particles undetected yet. This particle can be existed inside the black hole near to the singularity point where neutrons can be compressed or any other undetected particles to be compressed. Comparing this state with the early state of the universe, the assemblage of the matter of the universe in the first singularity point of the universe requires the existence of this particle there which originated the magnetic field at the moment of big bang. Finally we conclude that; we can find an answer to the abundance of matter to antimatter, by reconsidering the positron (anti-electron) detection experiment, after exposing a screen to gamma rays in existence of a magnetic field, it was noticed that both electron and positron were emitted each having an opposite direction of motion (having mirror image) and symmetry. Thus, by connecting all of the aforementioned facts and conclusions, the mere occurrence of the Big Bang implies the gain of a huge amount of energy to the pressurized matter inside the singularity; perhaps even much more than the Gamma Radiation’s, or a new type of radiation that is not yet discovered. Moreover, the particle, that produces an electromagnetic radiation, had already done that then, and we have seen it in the laboratory. However, on the large scale of the universe, matter went out in one direction with the antimatter going out in the other symmetrical one. That suggests that there might be other sides of the universe since the departure of particles, be it matter or antimatter, in a disordered way where entropy was increasing, and the particles tended more to disorder than order. Yet, the other sides of the universe, including the one we are already in, rotate around a singularity point or at rest! And what makes it hold up to that point up till now? If we are to answer this by assuming that this point is the attraction point for this universe, then in what fabric does it make its curvature? Again, if we are to answer this by the fabric of the universe, however, the fabric of the universe in itself was produced from the atomic fabric that was contained inside it. This means, through personal conclusion as before, that there exists something that encompasses that point, perhaps a third fabric that we do not know a thing about yet. However, it will open up a whole new and deeper perspective of the gravity than the one the General Relativity had brought up which did not explain why does the universal fabric curve (or deform) under the existence of mass. Also, at the detection of the last gravitational waves, it was found that it was received just at the same time the corresponding electromagnetic wave was received. That implies that they both propagate at the same speed, and that makes us wonder whether they both are special cases of a broader form of radiation of which they are both just a part of. The dark matter is the more fundamental matter and it consists of very small particles which fuses together to form the ordinary matter. I concluded this from studying quasars and it's evolution.">

Cairo University

MTPR Journal

 

FROM THE ATOMIC FABRIC TO THE COSMIC FABRIC AND THE ORIGIN OF DARK MATTER

2019-04-21
Abdelrahman Yasser Abdelrahman
Physics Dept., Faculty of Sci., Cairo University
Vol./Issue: 19 , id: 299

of a mixture of fields, weak nuclear force, strong nuclear force and electromagnetic force. Where the nucleus represents the center of curvature in this fabric which makes electrons move according to the gravity of the nucleus, and the movement of the electrons create waves in the fabric which in turn creates radiation, and there maybe exist a weak radiation results from these waves which makes it undetectable or maybe it lies outside of the electromagnetic radiation range or it creates particles that we didn't observe yet. There are two experiments supporting the above assumption: First, when placing an atomic clock (Cesium clock)on an airplane and placing a secondatomic clock on the ground, when the aircraft take off for a flight and return to ground, a delay I time was observed on the first clock relative to the second one which proved time delay according to special theory of relativity. Regarding the time that an atomic clock express, it represents the time of radioactive decay which changes depending on the mass of the nucleus such that it takes longer time for heavier nucleus, in other words, a delay in time. As the special relativity says, a moving particle acquires excess mass and that what happened for the nucleus in the atomic clock and made a delay in time due to excess in mass which creates stronger curvature in the atomic fabric and changed the waves in it which in turn affected the resulting radiation, here we find that the atomic fabric is affected by speed similar to the cosmic fabric which is affected by bodies' velocity, so its clear that there is a connection and relation between the two fabrics. Second: Quantum Entanglement, when reversing the rotation of a particle, there is another particle that reverses its rotation to preserve "Conservation of spin". Thinking of the two previously mentioned fabrics, the atomic fabric in which the first particlelies in transmits information through the cosmic fabricto the atomic fabricof the other particle. So, there is a connection between the two fabrics and it is also evident that other dimensions are approaching them from each other, shortening the distance traveled by the information of the first particleto the other particle. Here, after two demonstrations, the first was observed in the macroscopic world and the second in the microscopic world. The point where the two fabrics meet in spatial dimensions is "Singularity" point where the two fabrics have their maximum possible curve, but they are connected in the non-spatial dimensions, which is obvious from the two previous experiments. If the small particle lies in the atomic fabric and It is also the cornerstone of this universe, so, the atomic fabric is the basic component of the cosmic fabric, that is, the foundation stone of this fabric, and from here we can explain why gravity is the weakest force in the universe. According to the atomic fabric hypothesis, I think that when we measured gravity, we measured it in the atomic fabric, i.e.. in local fabric dominated by electromagnetism and nuclear forces and when measuring gravity in the cosmic fabric, gravity will appear to be the strongest. According to these hypotheses, we can also explain why there is a magnetic field in the universe from the ground up, Returning to the point of singularity that the big bang theory tells us about, there was the substance of the universe clustered at one point with a very high density, and according to my previous assumptions, this point contained inside it the atomic fabric, and at the time of the explosion, the particles came out and with its fabrics which united forming the cosmic fabric.But, where the magnetic field comes from and why its effect is noticeable in the universe? the answer to this question is through my study of evolution of the stars which states that: when stars consumethe nuclear fuel, this reduces the pressure resulting from the process of nuclear fusion in the nucleus of the star, which makes gravity overcomes the internal pressure and makes the star shrink on itself until it reaches a certain level that gravity cannotcompress the star more due to the internal pressure of electrons which resists compression. But, in massive stars, gravity compresses the electrons inside the nucleus forcing it to react according to this equation e + P ----> n + neutrino The result of this process is a neutron, which in turn will create a neutron pressure that prevents the star from compressing more and a neutron star is born with strong magnetic field. But in the case of very massive stars, I think that gravity will overcome the pressure of neutrons and press the neutrons making it interact with each other, which will produce a huge energy and another particle.This particle is the generator of the magnetic field in the universe, so it is like monopole, that acts like higgs boson - which makes matter having its mass- as it makes matter having its magnetic property,But when pressed more by the attraction with another particle like it, produces a particle that produces the magnetic field of the universe. So, a particle is responsible for the magnetic field in the universe that may be resulted from fusion of neutrons or other particles undetected yet. This particle can be existed inside the black hole near to the singularity point where neutrons can be compressed or any other undetected particles to be compressed. Comparing this state with the early state of the universe, the assemblage of the matter of the universe in the first singularity point of the universe requires the existence of this particle there which originated the magnetic field at the moment of big bang. Finally we conclude that; we can find an answer to the abundance of matter to antimatter, by reconsidering the positron (anti-electron) detection experiment, after exposing a screen to gamma rays in existence of a magnetic field, it was noticed that both electron and positron were emitted each having an opposite direction of motion (having mirror image) and symmetry. Thus, by connecting all of the aforementioned facts and conclusions, the mere occurrence of the Big Bang implies the gain of a huge amount of energy to the pressurized matter inside the singularity; perhaps even much more than the Gamma Radiation’s, or a new type of radiation that is not yet discovered. Moreover, the particle, that produces an electromagnetic radiation, had already done that then, and we have seen it in the laboratory. However, on the large scale of the universe, matter went out in one direction with the antimatter going out in the other symmetrical one. That suggests that there might be other sides of the universe since the departure of particles, be it matter or antimatter, in a disordered way where entropy was increasing, and the particles tended more to disorder than order. Yet, the other sides of the universe, including the one we are already in, rotate around a singularity point or at rest! And what makes it hold up to that point up till now? If we are to answer this by assuming that this point is the attraction point for this universe, then in what fabric does it make its curvature? Again, if we are to answer this by the fabric of the universe, however, the fabric of the universe in itself was produced from the atomic fabric that was contained inside it. This means, through personal conclusion as before, that there exists something that encompasses that point, perhaps a third fabric that we do not know a thing about yet. However, it will open up a whole new and deeper perspective of the gravity than the one the General Relativity had brought up which did not explain why does the universal fabric curve (or deform) under the existence of mass. Also, at the detection of the last gravitational waves, it was found that it was received just at the same time the corresponding electromagnetic wave was received. That implies that they both propagate at the same speed, and that makes us wonder whether they both are special cases of a broader form of radiation of which they are both just a part of. The dark matter is the more fundamental matter and it consists of very small particles which fuses together to form the ordinary matter. I concluded this from studying quasars and it's evolution.